Dario dario (Hamilton, 1822)
photo by AC Tropical Fish

Family:  Badidae (Chameleonfishes)
Max. size:  1.52 cm SL (male/unsexed); 1.21 cm SL (female)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; depth range 0 - 1 m
Distribution:  Asia: India.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 12-14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-8; Anal soft rays: 6-7; Vertebrae: 24-25. No palatine dentition. Scales in transverse row 8.5. Pre-, post-, and supraorbital stripes present. No anguloarticular lateralis canal. Males with 7 prominent dark vertical bars across sides; females uniform or with indistinct vertical bars (Ref. 46238).
Biology:  Collected from a stream (in November, dry season) which varied in width between 2-5 m and in depth 30-70 cm; the water is crystal clear and around 26°C; dense vegetation of aquatic plants (e.g. Limnophila, Hygrophila, Vallisneria, Ottelia, and Rotala species); bottom cover was sand and fine gravel (Ref. 46238).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 28 March 2010 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 25.03.03
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 16.12.03

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