Careproctus melanurus Gilbert, 1892
Blacktail snailfish
photo by Orlov, A.

Family:  Liparidae (Snailfishes)
Max. size:  54 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,700.0 g; max. reported age: 8 years
Environment:  bathydemersal; depth range 89 - 2286 m
Distribution:  North Pacific: Bering Sea to off San Diego in California, USA.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 54-58; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 37-50. Dorsal fin extending about halfway along length of caudal fin; caudal narrow, slightly rounded; lower 6 rays of pectorals slightly thickened and completely exserted, the next 5 greatly to moderately exserted and longer than the rays immediately above them, no real notch in fin; pelvic fins modified to form a small adhesive disc with a thickened margin, placed far forward, below eye (Ref. 6885). Off-white to pale rose on body; ends of pectoral and edges of posterior parts of dorsal and anal, and most of the caudal, black; lining of mouth and gill cavity, and tongue black (Ref. 6885).
Biology:  Found on mud bottoms (Ref. 2850). Possibly the most commonly captured liparid below 200 m; captured frequently by fishers (Ref. 26773). Known to feed on polychaete worms, small crustaceans, tiny clams and other invertebrates (Ref. 4525).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 06.05.19
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 24.09.96

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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