Ecology of Solea solea
 
Main Ref. Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Solea solea may be found.
Remarks

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: sand;
Substrate Ref. FAO EastMed Project, 2013
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.21 0.15 3.12 0.30 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Costa, M.J., 1988
From individual food items 3.30 0.66 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 12.21.92
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.28.04
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