Ecology of Hampala macrolepidota
Main Ref. Hardjamulia, A., K.E. Setiadi and N.S. Rabegnatar, 1988
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Hampala macrolepidota may be found.
Remarks Lives in rivers and lakes, and likes to stay in slow-flowing waters (Ref. 45536). Feeds on fish, prawns, insects and insect larvae. Becomes piscivorous upon reaching 20 cm (Ref. 8609).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Hardjamulia, A., K.E. Setiadi and N.S. Rabegnatar, 1988
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Taki, Y., 1978
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.24 0.75 4.31 0.80 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Yap, S.-Y., 1988
From individual food items 3.27 0.53 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.24.97
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.28.04
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.10.01
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