Ecology of Cottus confusus
 
Main Ref. Coker, G.A., C.B. Portt and C.K. Minns, 2001
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Cottus confusus may be found.
Remarks Occurs in fast, rocky riffles of cold headwaters, creeks and rivers.

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Peden, A.E. and G.W. Hughes, 1984
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Peden, A.E. and G.W. Hughes, 1984
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.72 0.59 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 06.22.07
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.01.07
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