Ecology of Hybognathus hankinsoni
 
Main Ref. Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Hybognathus hankinsoni may be found.
Remarks Occurs in cool pools of sluggish, clear creeks and small rivers, usually over sand or gravel; more abundant in cool acid waters of silt-bottomed bog ponds (Ref. 1998). Probably feeds on phytoplankton and other algae, zooplankton, and aquatic insects (Ref. 1998). Probably preyed upon by brook trout, kingfishers, and mergansers (Ref. 1998).

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973
Feeding habit variable
Feeding habit ref
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.09 0.40 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 04.07.97
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 08.06.07
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