Ecology of Clarias ngamensis
Main Ref. Teugels, G.G., 1986
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Clarias ngamensis may be found.
Remarks Inhabits swamps and river mouths. Frequency of occurence in Caprivi: frequently in sandy streams, common in standing deep water, abundant in shallow swamps (Ref. 037065). Feed mainly on fish as well as on detritus, plants and benthic invertebrates especially mollusks (Ref. 248, 12597). Uncommon in the Lake Nyasa basin (Ref. 4967).


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
Feeding habit variable
Feeding habit ref Teugels, G.G., 1986
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.30 0.46 4.14 0.68 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Winemiller, K.O. and L.C. Kelso-Winemiller, 1996
From individual food items 3.16 0.46 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 02.15.91
Modified by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 05.10.01
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.10.01
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