Ecology of Bothus podas
 
Main Ref. Nash, R.D.M., A.J. Geffen and R.S. Santos, 1991
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Bothus podas may be found.
Remarks

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref. FAO EastMed Project, 2013
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Nash, R.D.M., A.J. Geffen and R.S. Santos, 1991
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Nash, R.D.M., A.J. Geffen and R.S. Santos, 1991
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.37 0.42 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Bell, J.D. and M.L. Harmelin-Vivien, 1983
From individual food items 3.37 0.47 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 02.08.94
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 09.28.04
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