Ecology of Sardinops sagax
Main Ref. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985
Remarks In South America it is caught down to depths of about 40 m, in summer at 16 to 23 C, in winter at 10 to 18 C. Forms large schools in the Peru current. Likewise in North America, it forms large schools, up to 10 million individuals; it is migratory with a definite northward movement between California and British Columbia waters in summer and return in autumn, winter. Zooplankton and phytoplankton feeder. Food items of larvae and early juveniles consist of copepods and larvaceans (Ref. 32837). Young fish feeds on zooplankton such as copepods and adults on phytoplankton (Ref. 39882). Employs both filter- and particulate-feeding modes on phytoplankton and zooplankton (Ref. 42392).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Sardinops sagax may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type Ref. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985
Feeding habit selective plankton feeding
Feeding habit Ref. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.84 0.13 2.46 0.11 Troph of juv./adults from 3 studies.
From individual food items 2.61 0.29 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Serra, R and I. Tsukayama, 1988
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 10.19.90
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 08.21.08
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 09.18.01
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