Ecology of Pleuronectes platessa
Main Ref. Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pleuronectes platessa may be found.
Remarks Lives on mixed bottoms, the older the deeper the occurrence. Small individuals are usually seen on bathing beaches (Ref. 9988). Reported to be a resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612). Feeds mainly on thin-shelled mollusks and polychaetes. Mollusks are the most common items in the diet, but they also catch bottom- dwelling fishes. The most important flatfish for fisheries in Europe.


Substrate Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.17 0.27 Troph of juv./adults.
Ref. Rijnsdorp, A.D. and B. Vingerhoed, 2001
From individual food items 3.23 0.50 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Torres, Armi G. on 10.15.92
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 05.09.07
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 11.21.01
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