Ecology of Systomus sarana
 
Main Ref. Pethiyagoda, R., 1991
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Systomus sarana may be found.
Remarks Occurs in rivers, streams, lakes and beels. Tolerant of salinity. Forms schools in groups of four or five to several dozens. Feeds on aquatic insects, fish, algae and shrimps. Spawns in running waters among submerged boulders and vegetation.

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type plants/detritus+animals (troph. 2.2-2.79)
Feeding type ref Pethiyagoda, R., 1991
Feeding habit variable
Feeding habit ref Pethiyagoda, R., 1991
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.88 0.16 2.95 0.39 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Weliange, W.S. and U.S. Amarasinghe, 2007
From individual food items 2.72 0.36 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 01.12.01
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