Salmo trutta was reported from 70 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 59 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 0 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 11 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Europe and Asia: Atlantic, North, White and Baltic Sea basins, from Spain to Chosha Bay (Russia). Found in Iceland and northernmost rivers of Great Britain and Scandinavia. In Rhône drainage, native only to Lake Geneva basin, which it entered after last glaciation. Native to upper Danube and Volga drainages. Introduced widely. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.
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Table 1: Present in 59 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Afghanistan AFG native 39701
Europe Albania ALB native 83428
South America Argentina ARG introduced 1739
Asia Armenia ARM native 41168
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 6390
Europe Belgium BEL native 173
Asia Bhutan BTN introduced 1739
South America Bolivia BOL introduced 1739
North America Canada CAN introduced 6885
South America Chile CHL introduced 1739
Europe Croatia HRV introduced 59043
Asia Cyprus CYP introduced 1739
Europe Denmark DNK native 9946
Europe Estonia EST native 33247
Africa Ethiopia ETH introduced 27123
South America Falkland Is. FLK introduced 1739
Europe Finland FIN native 6114
Europe France FRA native 30578
Europe Germany DEU native 556
Europe Greece GRC introduced 113969
Europe Iceland ISL native 12462
Asia India IND introduced 1739
Asia Iran IRN introduced 27435
Europe Ireland IRL native 173
Europe Isle of Man IMN native 9488
Europe Italy ITA native 27118
Asia Japan JPN introduced 1739
Africa Kenya KEN introduced 52331
Subantarctica Kerguelen Is. KGN introduced 45488
Europe Latvia LVA native 683
Africa Lesotho LSO introduced 7248
Europe Lithuania LTU native 683
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 57074
Africa Malawi MWI introduced 1739
Europe Netherlands NLD native 683
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 1739
Europe Norway NOR native 173
Asia Pakistan PAK introduced 1739
North America Panama PAN introduced 1739
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG introduced 2847
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Europe Poland POL native 173
Europe Portugal PRT native 119049
Europe Romania ROU native 173
Europe Russia RUS native 26334
Europe Serbia SRB introduced 89684
Europe Slovakia SVK native 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF introduced 52193
Europe Spain ESP native 79582
Asia Sri Lanka LKA introduced 13686
Africa Swaziland SWZ introduced 1739
Europe Sweden SWE native 173
Africa Tanzania TZA introduced 4967
Asia Turkey TUR native 58342
Europe UK GBR native 90052
Europe UK Engld Wal GBE native 5204
Europe UK Scotland GBS native 5204
North America USA USA introduced 10294
Africa Zimbabwe ZWE introduced 94654

Table 3: Absent from 11 country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Africa Algeria DZA not established 87900
South America Colombia COL not established 1739
Europe Czechia CZE extirpated 89840
Oceania Fiji FJI not established 6366
Oceania Hawaii HWI not established 1739
Asia Israel ISR not established 37616
Asia Jordan JOR not established 13609
Africa Morocco MAR not established 6029
Asia Nepal NPL not established 9496
North America Puerto Rico PRI not established 6443
Europe Switzerland CHE extirpated 33852

Table 4: Reported from 70 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Asia Afghanistan AFG native 39701
Europe Albania ALB native 83428
Africa Algeria DZA not established 87900
South America Argentina ARG introduced 1739
Asia Armenia ARM native 41168
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 6390
Europe Belgium BEL native 173
Asia Bhutan BTN introduced 1739
South America Bolivia BOL introduced 1739
North America Canada CAN introduced 6885
South America Chile CHL introduced 1739
South America Colombia COL not established 1739
Europe Croatia HRV introduced 59043
Asia Cyprus CYP introduced 1739
Europe Czechia CZE extirpated 89840
Europe Denmark DNK native 9946
Europe Estonia EST native 33247
Africa Ethiopia ETH introduced 27123
South America Falkland Is. FLK introduced 1739
Oceania Fiji FJI not established 6366
Europe Finland FIN native 6114
Europe France FRA native 30578
Europe Germany DEU native 556
Europe Greece GRC introduced 113969
Oceania Hawaii HWI not established 1739
Europe Iceland ISL native 12462
Asia India IND introduced 1739
Asia Iran IRN introduced 27435
Europe Ireland IRL native 173
Europe Isle of Man IMN native 9488
Asia Israel ISR not established 37616
Europe Italy ITA native 27118
Asia Japan JPN introduced 1739
Asia Jordan JOR not established 13609
Africa Kenya KEN introduced 52331
Subantarctica Kerguelen Is. KGN introduced 45488
Europe Latvia LVA native 683
Africa Lesotho LSO introduced 7248
Europe Lithuania LTU native 683
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 57074
Africa Malawi MWI introduced 1739
Africa Morocco MAR not established 6029
Asia Nepal NPL not established 9496
Europe Netherlands NLD native 683
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 1739
Europe Norway NOR native 173
Asia Pakistan PAK introduced 1739
North America Panama PAN introduced 1739
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG introduced 2847
South America Peru PER introduced 1739
Europe Poland POL native 173
Europe Portugal PRT native 119049
North America Puerto Rico PRI not established 6443
Europe Romania ROU native 173
Europe Russia RUS native 26334
Europe Serbia SRB introduced 89684
Europe Slovakia SVK native 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF introduced 52193
Europe Spain ESP native 79582
Asia Sri Lanka LKA introduced 13686
Africa Swaziland SWZ introduced 1739
Europe Sweden SWE native 173
Europe Switzerland CHE extirpated 33852
Africa Tanzania TZA introduced 4967
Asia Turkey TUR native 58342
Europe UK GBR native 90052
Europe UK Engld Wal GBE native 5204
Europe UK Scotland GBS native 5204
North America USA USA introduced 10294
Africa Zimbabwe ZWE introduced 94654
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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