Salmo salar was reported from 46 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 34 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 0 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 12 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: North Atlantic Ocean: temperate and arctic zones in northern hemisphere (Ref. 51442). Western Atlantic: Atlantic drainages from northern Quebec, Canada, to Connecticut and New York, USA; inland to Lake Ontario where it is now extirpated (Ref. 86798). Landlocked stocks are present in North America (Ref. 1998). Eastern Atlantic: White and Barents Sea basins through northeastern Europe to the Baltic and North Sea basins, including Iceland (Ref. 59043). Introduced to New Zealand, Chile, southern Argentina (Ref. 59043) and Australia (Ref. 6390). Listed in Appendix III of the Bern Convention (2002) (freshwater only). Listed in Annex II (freshwater only; excluding Finnish population) and V (freshwater only) of the EC Habitats Directive (2007).
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Table 1: Present in 34 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
North America Alaska ALK introduced 96339
South America Argentina ARG introduced 9086
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 6390
Europe Belgium BEL native 173
North America Canada CAN native 52559
Europe Channel Is. CHA native 4779
South America Chile CHL introduced 1739
Europe Denmark DNK native 9946
Europe Estonia EST native 33247
Europe Faeroe Is. FRO native 4779
Europe Finland FIN native 6114
Europe France FRA native 40476
Europe Germany DEU native 556
North America Greenland GRL native 9925
Europe Iceland ISL native 12462
Europe Ireland IRL native 173
Europe Isle of Man IMN native 4779
Europe Italy ITA native 27118
Europe Latvia LVA native 683
Europe Lithuania LTU native 683
Europe Netherlands NLD native 173
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 1739
Europe Norway NOR native 173
Europe Poland POL native 173
Europe Portugal PRT native 119049
Europe Russia RUS native 26334
Europe Slovakia SVK native 90058
Europe Spain ESP native 79582
Europe Sweden SWE native 173
Europe UK GBR native 90052
Europe UK Engld Wal GBE native 4779
Europe UK No Ireld GBN native 4779
Europe UK Scotland GBS native 4779
North America USA USA native 7251

Table 3: Absent from 12 country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
South America Brazil BRA not established 1739
Asia Cyprus CYP not established 1739
Europe Czechia CZE extirpated 89840
South America Falkland Is. FLK not established 1739
Europe Greece GRC not established 6375
Asia Indonesia IDN not established 1739
Asia Israel ISR not established 37616
Asia Jordan JOR not established 13609
Subantarctica Kerguelen Is. KGN not established 45488
Africa South Africa ZAF not established 6465
Europe Switzerland CHE extirpated 10012
Asia Turkey TUR extirpated 58342

Table 4: Reported from 46 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
North America Alaska ALK introduced 96339
South America Argentina ARG introduced 9086
Oceania Australia AUS introduced 6390
Europe Belgium BEL native 173
South America Brazil BRA not established 1739
North America Canada CAN native 52559
Europe Channel Is. CHA native 4779
South America Chile CHL introduced 1739
Asia Cyprus CYP not established 1739
Europe Czechia CZE extirpated 89840
Europe Denmark DNK native 9946
Europe Estonia EST native 33247
Europe Faeroe Is. FRO native 4779
South America Falkland Is. FLK not established 1739
Europe Finland FIN native 6114
Europe France FRA native 40476
Europe Germany DEU native 556
Europe Greece GRC not established 6375
North America Greenland GRL native 9925
Europe Iceland ISL native 12462
Asia Indonesia IDN not established 1739
Europe Ireland IRL native 173
Europe Isle of Man IMN native 4779
Asia Israel ISR not established 37616
Europe Italy ITA native 27118
Asia Jordan JOR not established 13609
Subantarctica Kerguelen Is. KGN not established 45488
Europe Latvia LVA native 683
Europe Lithuania LTU native 683
Europe Netherlands NLD native 173
Oceania New Zealand NZL introduced 1739
Europe Norway NOR native 173
Europe Poland POL native 173
Europe Portugal PRT native 119049
Europe Russia RUS native 26334
Europe Slovakia SVK native 90058
Africa South Africa ZAF not established 6465
Europe Spain ESP native 79582
Europe Sweden SWE native 173
Europe Switzerland CHE extirpated 10012
Asia Turkey TUR extirpated 58342
Europe UK GBR native 90052
Europe UK Engld Wal GBE native 4779
Europe UK No Ireld GBN native 4779
Europe UK Scotland GBS native 4779
North America USA USA native 7251
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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