Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 7°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
soft rays: 7. Juveniles become somewhat deeper-bodied with growth and at a size of 14-16 cm, loose the lower stripe and develop a cream-colored belly (Ref. 37816). Described from a 10-cm juvenile which is orange with broad black stripe, one running mid-laterally and the other along upper sides. Adults mainly grey with black fin markings. Juveniles with yellow stripes (Ref. 48635).
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Madagascar to Fiji and Micronesia; north to Ryukyu andn south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Found in clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles in brackish habitats or shallow turbid coastal areas (Ref. 9710). Adults usually solitary, occasionally in pairs; on deep reefs or with sea mounts (Ref. 48635). At Palau, aggregates to spawn about once a year around new moon of April or May (Ref. 37816).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01357 (-0.14937 - 0.17651), b=2.99 (2.90 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .