Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Elassomatidae
Etymology: Elassoma: Greek, elasson = smaller + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - 20. Temperate; 10°C - 25°C (Ref. 12468); 38°N - 29°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: Lower Roanoke River drainage, North Carolina; south to middle parts of St. Johns River, Florida; west to Brazos River drainages, Texas; and north to lower Wabash River drainage, Indiana and Illinois, USA.
Occur in swamps, heavily vegetated sloughs and small sluggish streams, usually over mud (Ref. 10294, 58020). Oviparous, eggs are deposited in aquatic vegetation, preferably on strands of Ceratophyllum sp. When available (Ref. 58020). Feed on microcrustacea together with midge larvae, larger crustacea (isopods and amphipods), mayfly nymphs, and small snails and clams (Ref. 10294).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=145).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .