Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Lotidae
(Hakes and burbots)
Etymology: Gaidropsarus: Greek, ga, ge = the earth + Greek, ydro = water + Greek psaros = speckled, starling (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 80 - 600 m. Temperate; 48°N - 30°N, 18°W - 30°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
spines: 0. First dorsal spine followed by a few small fleshy filaments. Two fang-like teeth at the symphysis of the upper jaw.
Eastern Central Atlantic: western Mediterranean and northern part of central Mediterranean. Also from Spain and Portugal to Morocco and Madeira.
Found in offshore waters on mud, shell and coral bottoms. Feed on crustaceans. Spawning occurs in February. Occasionally sold in markets.
Svetovidov, A.N., 1986. Review of the three-bearded rocklings of the genus Gaidropsaurus Rafinesque, 1810 (Gadidae) with description of a new species. J. Ichthyol. 26(1)114-135.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00378 (-0.16471 - 0.17227), b=3.10 (3.00 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .