Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Glaucosomatidae
Etymology: Glaucosoma: Greek, glaukos = white, shining + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ramsay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 90 m (Ref. 27621). Tropical; 22°S - 35°S
Western Pacific: Rockhampton, Queensland to Port Jackson, New South Wales (Ref. 27621).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27621); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27621); max. published weight: 7.3 kg (Ref. 27621); max. reported age: 19 years (Ref. 96948)
soft rays: 9. One dark vertical band through eye which may disappear with an increase in size; 11 dorsal fin rays and 9 anal fin rays. Supraclavicle (shoulder-bone) developed into a prominent bony shield.
Found in coastal waters in moderate depths to 90 m on the continental shelf particularly close to submerged reefs, rock ledges or rough bottom (Ref. 27621). This species is stated to be a midwater feeder (Ref. 27621). The inside of the mouth is black and may luminescent at night (Ref. 27621).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McKay, R.J., 1997. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 17. Pearl perches of the world (family Glaucosomatidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the pearl peches known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(17):26p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 27621)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.2 - 24.9, mean 24.5 (based on 52 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .