Zenopsis nebulosa  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)

Mirror dory
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Zenopsis nebulosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Zenopsis nebulosa (Mirror dory)
Zenopsis nebulosa
Picture by Yuniar, A.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Zeidae (Dories)
Etymology: Zenopsis: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life + Greek, opsis = appearance;  nebulosa: nebulosus meaning dark or clouded--a dark Zeus-like fish (Ref. 4525).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 30 - 800 m (Ref. 27124), usually 50 - 600 m (Ref. 27114).   Deep-water; 45°N - 47°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 25 - 40 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563); max. published weight: 3.0 kg (Ref. 27124); max. reported age: 45 years (Ref. 58312)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 26-27; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 24 - 25

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Japan, northwest shelf of Australia to Broken Bay in New South Wales, New Zealand (Ref. 6390), and elsewhere in the region. Eastern Pacific: off central and southern California, USA (Ref. 2850); and on the seamounts of the Nazca Ridge in the Peru area (Ref. 27131).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occur in deeper trawling grounds of the continental shelf and slope, close to the sea bed (Ref. 559). Caught by Japanese trawlers during winter (Ref. 559). Excellent food fish.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

It is not known whether individuals undergo a single spawning or a series of spawnings over the winter months in southern Australia (Ref. 6390).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and R. Swainston, 1988. The marine fishes of north-western Australia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 201 p. (Ref. 3132)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5781   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.65 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.20; tm=3; tmax=45; Fec=52,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.