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Xenophallus umbratilis  (Meek, 1912)

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Xenophallus umbratilis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Xenophallus: Greek, xenos = strange + Latin, phallus = penis (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: ? - 7.2; dH range: ? - 3; depth range 10 - 20 m (Ref. 36880).   Tropical; 21°C - 37°C (Ref. 36880)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36880)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Body thin, translucent and yellowish. Base of the first dorsal rays with a black blotch; in males the posterior edge of the dorsal fin is also black and sometimes the remainder of the fin is brilliant yellow. The males and young have 5 to 10 black bars on the side which are diffuse or absent in females. The gonopodium is asymmetrical and either dextral or sinistral; the apex of which in mature males bears a long upper projection and swelling below, both of which are membranous (Ref. 36880).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: Lake Nicaragua on the Atlantic drainage to the Río Parismina and the Río Tenorio drainage on the Pacific slope (Ref. 36880). Costa Rica and Nicaragua.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits waters of all velocities, between 35 and 590 m elevation, with temperatures of 21 to 37°C. Lives in small groups in brooks, creeks and along the shorelines of rivers where it feeds on detritus, filamentous algae, aquatic insects and ooze. Probably reproduces throughout the year (Ref. 36880).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lucinda, P.H.F., 2003. Poeciliidae (Livebearers). p. 555-581. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brazil. (Ref. 50894)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.21 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.