Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Grammicolepididae
(Grammicolepidids) > Grammicolepidinae
Etymology: Xenolepidichthys: Greek, xenos = strange + (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 128 - 885 m (Ref. 4503), usually 200 - 400 m (Ref. 4503). Deep-water; 38°N - 7°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
(total): 5 - 6;
soft rays: 27 - 29. Body silvery, with round black spots; anterior pelvic rays and end of caudal fin black (Ref. 4255). First dorsal spine minute, 2nd the longest; 1st anal spine markedly long, subequal to orbit (Ref. 13608). Gill rakers rudimentary.
Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea, off Senegal, and off South Africa; reported from Namibia (Ref. 4255). Western Atlantic: Virginia, USA to northern South America (Ref. 7251). Also found in Brazil (Ref. 47377). Western Pacific: Japan, Philippines, New Caledonia, between Fiji and Tonga Islands, Australia (Ref. 7300), New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Indian Ocean (Ref. 47377).
Found on the continental slope. Benthic species (Ref. 75154). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Karrer, C., 1990. Grammicolepididae. p. 634-636. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4503)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.1250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00749 - 0.05076), b=2.99 (2.76 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .