Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Xenodermichthys: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, derma = skin + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 2650 m (Ref. 4460), usually 100 - 1230 m (Ref. 47377). Deep-water; 70°N - 56°S, 90°W - 180°E (Ref. 57340)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57911)
Atlantic Ocean: widely distributed, ranging north to Iceland in the eastern section (Ref. 4460). Pacific Ocean: on both sides, in tropical waters; Tasman Sea. Indian Ocean: including Great Australian Bight.
Usually found near continental slopes (Ref. 4736). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds primarily on crustaceans (euphausiids, copepods, amphipods and decapod zoea), also ostracods and small cephalopods (Ref. 4736).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F., 1986. Alepocephalidae. p. 218-223. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2711)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .