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Xenodermichthys copei  (Gill, 1884)

Bluntsnout smooth-head
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Xenodermichthys copei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Xenodermichthys copei (Bluntsnout smooth-head)
Xenodermichthys copei
Picture by Orlov, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes (Smelts) > Alepocephalidae (Slickheads)
Etymology: Xenodermichthys: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, derma = skin + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 2650 m (Ref. 4460), usually 100 - 1230 m (Ref. 47377).   Deep-water; 70°N - 56°S, 90°W - 180°E (Ref. 57340)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57911)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-31; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 26 - 30. Nodular luminous organ present sporadically on body; no luminous organ on shoulder (Ref. 13608).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: widely distributed, ranging north to Iceland in the eastern section (Ref. 4460). Pacific Ocean: on both sides, in tropical waters; Tasman Sea. Indian Ocean: including Great Australian Bight.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Usually found near continental slopes (Ref. 4736). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds primarily on crustaceans (euphausiids, copepods, amphipods and decapod zoea), also ostracods and small cephalopods (Ref. 4736).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Markle, D.F., 1986. Alepocephalidae. p. 218-223. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2711)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.