Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos)
Etymology: Uraspis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, aspis = shield (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 50 - 300 m (Ref. 28016). Subtropical; 35°N - 50°S, 32°E - 5°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body oblong and compressed; snout widely rounded; lower branch of first gill arch with 13 to 18 gill rakers; ventral area of chest up to origin of pelvic fins scaleless; lateral line arched anteriorly, with 23 to 40 strong scutes in the straight area; tongue, palate, and floor of mouth white or cream colored; rest of mouth blue black; body charcoal or black dorsal, lighter ventrally, with about 6 narrow, dark, vertical bars separated by lighter spaces (Ref. 55763).
Southeast Atlantic: St. Helena and Ascension islands (Ref. 7097). Western Indian Ocean: southern Red Sea, off Oman and Sri Lanka. Eastern Pacific: Hawaiian and Revillagigedo islands (Ref. 9283). Reported from the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Verified records from the Western Central Pacific are pending (Ref. 9894).
A pelagic and demersal species found in sandy bottoms at the foot of the edge of the outer reefs, continental coasts and around islands (Ref. 9283). Solitary or forming small schools (Ref. 30573). Mainly nocturnal (Ref. 4887). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1984. Carangidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01423 (-0.14174 - 0.17020), b=2.93 (2.85 - 3.02), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.58 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .