Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Upeneichthys: Greek, ypene, -es = upper lip + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 100 m (Ref. 9002), usually 5 - 40 m (Ref. 9002). Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89422)
Southwest Pacific: eastern Australia.
Inhabits sheltered bays and harbors (Ref. 9002), on sand and rocky substrates (Ref. 9563). Form schools (Ref. 9563). Preys mainly on small crustaceans (Ref. 32835).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00592 - 0.01688), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .