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Ungusurculus komodoensis  Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007

Komodo viviparous brotula
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Image of Ungusurculus komodoensis (Komodo viviparous brotula)
Ungusurculus komodoensis
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Ungusurculus: Name from Latin words 'ungulus' (= claw) and 'surculus' (= grapevine tendril), refers to the functional analogy with the pseudoclaspers and the specific shape of the inner pseudoclasper.;  komodoensis: Named for the type locality, Komodo between Flores and Sumbawa, Indonesia..   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 76869).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76869)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 80; Anal soft rays: 61; Vertebrae: 44. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: vertebrae 12+32=44, D 80, A 61, D/A 26, V in D 2.1; anterior nostril located 1/3.5 the distance from upper lip to aggregate distance to anterior margin of eye; free pseudoclaspers 2 pairs, outer pseudoclasper wing-shaped with broad base and distally widened supporter with strong anterior hook (covered by ligament), the inner pseudoclasper short, with broad base, distally with 2 thin, short spines positioned oblique to axis of pseudoclasper; multiple cirri on snout and cheeks with 6 scale rows on upper part and 4 rows on lower; absence of upper preopercular pore (Ref. 76869).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W. and P.R. Møller, 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23:29-110. (Ref. 76869)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00175 - 0.01142), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .