Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Eleotridae
(Sleepers) > Milyeringinae
Etymology: Typhleotris: Greek, typhlos = blind + the name of a Nile fish, eleotris (Ref. 45335); pauliani: Named in honor of the prominent French entomologist and former deputy director of the Institut de Recherche Scientifique de Madagascar, Renaud Paulian, who collected the specimens on which the original description is based end who did much seminal work on western Indian Ocean biogeography (Ref. 93144).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93144)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 24 - 25. Diagnosis: It is distinguished from congeners by the absence of scales on the head, less the operculum, the presence of single and feeble leading spines in both the second dorsal and anal fins, a pelvic formula of I,5, the presence of an enlarged, bony operculum, and an overall more robust and heavier body, particularly in adults (Ref. 93144). Typhleotris pauliani is further distinguished from T. mararybe by the absence of pigment on the body and a longer prepelvic length (34.1-40.4% of standard length vs. 33.0-33.9% of standard length), and from T. madagascariensis by the absence of ctenoid scales on the flank and dorsum, except for a few weak ctenoid scales midflank in some individuals, more or less along the lateral midline (Ref. 93144).
Africa: Madagascar, caves and sinkholes to the north of the Onilahy River drainage (Ref. 6802, 93144). Probably it is also collected from caves inland and just south of Andavadoaka (Ref. 93144).
It is restricted to subterranean habitats in coastal regions to the south of Morombe in the vicinity of Andalambezo (Ref. 93144). A cave-dwelling species (Ref. 6802).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maugé, L.A., 1986. Eleotridae. p. 389-398. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MARC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6802)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .