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Trisopterus minutus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Poor cod
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Trisopterus minutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Trisopterus minutus
Picture by Coudre, C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Trisopterus: Greek, tris = thrice + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).

The species has been long thought to be present in the Mediteranean in sympatry with Trisopterus capelanus, sometimes both as subspecies. See Delling et al. (2011: Ref. 90172) for the latest revision of the genus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 440 m (Ref. 57178), usually 15 - 200 m.   Temperate; 66°N - 28°N, 13°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeastern Atlantic: Trondheim Fjord and the Faeroe Islands to Portugal and along the Atlantic coast of Morocco (Ref. 1371). Not present in the Mediterranean (Ref. 90172).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 13.4, range 10 - 26 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 72488)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Chin barbel well developed. Body brownish yellow dorsally, becoming paler ventrally; a dark blotch is at the base of the pectoral fin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs mostly from 15 to 200 m in the Atlantic on muddy or sandy bottoms. Feeds on crustaceans, small fish, and polychaetes (Ref. 1371). Used in the production of fish meal, and in southern Europe as a human food (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00652 - 0.00843), b=3.10 (3.06 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.18; tm=1; tmax=6).
Prior r = 0.77, 2 SD range = 0.37 - 1.59, log(r) = -0.26, SD log(r) = 0.36, Based on: 2 M, 10 K, 6 tgen, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.