Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae
Etymology: Trigloporus: Greek, trigla, es = red mullet + Greek, poros = hole (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 150 m (Ref. 3687), usually ? - 40 m (Ref. 12382). Subtropical; 70°N - 35°S, 18°W - 41°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.0, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 18 years (Ref. 26321)
Eastern Atlantic: Norway continuously south around Cape of Good Hope to Mozambique. Heemstra 1982 recognizes two valid subspecies, Chelidonichthys lastoviza lastoviza which ranges south to Angola and Chelidonichthys lastoviza africana occurring in South Africa (Ref. 4316).
Found over rocks and sand, from the coast down to a depth of about 150 m. (Ref. 5213). Feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 12382). Minimum depth from Ref. 12382.
Richards, W.J. and V.P. Saksena, 1990. Triglidae. p. 680-684. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00882 (-0.03341 - 0.05104), b=3.03 (3.01 - 3.06), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.13-0.65; tm=3; tmax=18).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .