Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Trichomycterus: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335); trefauti: Named after Dr. Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, who discovered and collected the first specimens of the species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6. Trichomycterus trefauti differs from all other known members of the sub-family Trichomycterinae by the autapomorphic presence of ann elliptical, vertically elongated, brown spot, at caudal-fin base (vs. without elliptical spot at caudal-fin base), and the combination of homogeneously gray color pattern (vs. yellowfish, presence of stripes or or bands, or lack of color pattern), first pectoral-fin ray prolonged as a filament (vs. not prolonged), subterminal mouth (vs. inferior or terminal mouth), two supraorbital pores at interorbital space (vs. one supraorbital pore at mesial line), caudal fin truncate with attenuated edges (vs. caudal fin rounded), pelvic fins covering anus and urogenital openings (vs.not covering), interorbital space very wide 39.8-45.9% HL(vs. more or less than 39.8-45.9% HL), maxillary barbels very long 84.2-93.0% HL (vs.more or less than 84.2-93.0% HL), rictal barbels very long 67.6-74.3% HL (vs.more or less than 67.6-74.3%HL).
South America: known only from the type-locality : Riacho Andrequicé, Trinta Réis, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Wosiacki, W.B., 2004. New species of the catfish genus Trichomycterus (Siluriformes, Trichomycteridae) from the headwaters of the rio São Francisco bason, Brazil. Zootaxa (592):1-12. (Ref. 52782)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .