Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nototheniidae
Etymology: Trematomus: Greek, trematos = hole + Greek, tomo = section, cut (Ref. 45335); newnesi: newnesi named after Sir George Newnes, British newspaper publisher who sponsored Borchgrevinck's Expedition of 1899 (Ref. 11892). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 400 m (Ref. 11892). Polar; 60°S - 78°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5179)
Southern Ocean: East Antarctic, Weddell Sea, West coast of Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands, Elephant Island, South Orkney Islands, Mac Robertson, George V, Queen Mary, Adelie Coasts, Davis Sea and Ross Sea.
Found in shallow near shore areas and more commonly in the intertidal zone. Adults feed mainly on amphipods, polychaetes, gastropods, isopods, copepods, and euphausiids (E. superba). Often seen feeding in the water column or at the undersurface of ice.
Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990. Nototheniidae. p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00000 (0.00000 - 0.00000), b=0.00 (0.00 - 0.00), based on (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 2,300-12,200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766