Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 275 m (Ref. 54927), usually 50 - 275 m (Ref. 54927). Tropical; 46°N - 29°N, 129°E - 148°E (Ref. 54927)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - 20 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); max. published weight: 660.00 g (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 56557)
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan, Korean Peninsula to the East China Sea. Pacific Ocean off the coast of southeast Asia.
Adults occur on continental waters (Ref. 41299). Pelagic (Ref. 52947). Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114, 12115).
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.38; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .