Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos)
Etymology: Trachinotus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek,noton = back (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated. Tropical; 32°N - 32°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4225); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 30874)
soft rays: 20 - 24. Silvery blue to grey above, silvery white below; 1-5 small black spots on or near LL (absent in specimens less than 15 cm, number of spots increasing with age).
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Line and Mangaréva islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa.
Occurs near surface waters of lagoon and seaward reefs. Always moves in schools at the edge of the surf near the reef. Adults usually seen in pairs or small groups in surface waters (Ref. 48635). Feeds on small fishes (Ref. 9710). Occasionally taken by trolling and line fishing.
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01423 (-0.14174 - 0.17020), b=2.93 (2.85 - 3.02), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .