Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes
(Electric rays) > Torpedinidae
Etymology: Torpedo: Latin, torpere = be sluggish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 5 - 1153 m (Ref. 26346). Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26346)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dark grey dorsally, white ventrally (Ref. 26346).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri
Southwest Pacific: endemic to New Zealand. Specimens recently seen at Norfolk Island may be this species. Torpedo macneilli from Australia is very similar to this species (Ref. 6871).
Found on the continental shelf and upper slope (Ref. 26346). Feeds on fish, probably at night (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).
Cox, G. and M. Francis, 1997. Sharks and rays of New Zealand. Canterbury Univ. Press, Univ. of Canterbury. 68 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .