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Tor putitora  (Hamilton, 1822)

Putitor mahseer
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Tor putitora
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.4 - 8.0; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 56197), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 56197).   Subtropical; 13°C - 30°C (Ref. 40948); 34°N - 20°N

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - ? cm
Max length : 275 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6695); common length : 183 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6694); max. published weight: 54.0 kg (Ref. 1479)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 5

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh (Ref. 4832), Bhutan (Ref. 9418) and Mynmar (Ref. 57739).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit streams, riverine pools and lakes. Found in rapid streams with rocky bottom (Ref. 41236). Omnivorous, feeding on fish, zooplankton, dipteran larvae and plant matter (Ref. 40948). Juveniles subsist on plankton while fingerlings feed mainly on algae (Ref. 40948). Ascend streams to breed over gravel and stones and returns to perennial ponds after breeding. The most common Himalayan mahseer and a very attractive sport fish, with excellent food value. Specimens over 30 cm and 5 kg in weight are rarely caught in recent times (Ref. 41236). Threatened due to over harvesting and habitat loss (Ref. 58490).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

  Endangered (EN) (A4acde)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Common names
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Length-weight
Length-length
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Morphology
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Larval dynamics
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00504 - 0.02277), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=1.5; K=0.07; Fec=26,998).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.