Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.4 - 8.0; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 56197), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 56197). Subtropical; 13°C - 30°C (Ref. 40948); 34°N - 20°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - ? cm
Max length : 275 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6695); common length : 183 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6694); max. published weight: 54.0 kg (Ref. 1479)
Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh (Ref. 4832), Bhutan (Ref. 9418) and Mynmar (Ref. 57739).
Inhabit streams, riverine pools and lakes. Found in rapid streams with rocky bottom (Ref. 41236). Omnivorous, feeding on fish, zooplankton, dipteran larvae and plant matter (Ref. 40948). Juveniles subsist on plankton while fingerlings feed mainly on algae (Ref. 40948). Ascend streams to breed over gravel and stones and returns to perennial ponds after breeding. The most common Himalayan mahseer and a very attractive sport fish, with excellent food value. Specimens over 30 cm and 5 kg in weight are rarely caught in recent times (Ref. 41236). Threatened due to over harvesting and habitat loss (Ref. 58490).
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-1.97000 (nan - nan), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=1.5; K=0.07; Fec=26,998).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .