Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Thalassoma: Greek, thalassa = the sea + Greek, soma = body; the colour of the sea (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 58302), usually 5 - 25 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 15°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - 12 cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921)
Eastern Central Pacific: Johnston (Ref. 11013) and Hawaiian islands.
Occur in clear lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic over coral, rock and rubble (Ref. 58302). Feed mainly on benthic animals. Juveniles and adults sometimes act as cleaners (Ref. 9710). Spawning occur either in aggregations by fish in the initial color phase or in pairs, typically with the terminal male being much larger than the female.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner. Sex reversal is completed in 8-12 weeks (Ref. 34185, 34261). Also Ref. 38856, 38703. Primary males participate in group spawning and have large testes; secondary males engage in pair-spawning and have smaller, reduced testes (Ref. 48503).
Randall, J.E., 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA. 74 p. (Ref. 3921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00469 - 0.01410), b=2.99 (2.84 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .