Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.2; dH range: 20 - 30. Tropical; 20°C - 23°C (Ref. 2060); 8°S - 15°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3202)
Africa: Lake Malawi.
Found among the rocks during the day and moves around the area at night. Feeds on insects, crustaceans and other invertebrates (Ref. 5595). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Because of its bony head, this species is often not marketed in Malawi where it is relatively common and considered a favored food of fishermen. Marketed in Kyela (Ref. 4967).
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Mochokidae. p. 105-152. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00819 - 0.04046), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .