Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); ilebrevis: The specific name is a combination of the Latin ile, meaning intestine, and the Latin brevis, meaning short, a reference to the relatively short gut of this species (Ref. 59365).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, only known from the type locality in Zambia (Ref. 59365).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59365)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 14;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Body is not compressed; predorsal profile is slightly convex; skin on body forming numerous vertical folds; short, flat papillae present, giving skin a pebbled texture; head slightly depressed and broad (Ref. 59365). Eyes dorsolateral, ovoid, its diameter 26.0-33.4% of snout length (Ref. 59365). Mandibular teeth 50-66, short and unicuspid, arranged in 8 short, transverse rows (Ref. 59365). Maxillary barbel short, extending to at least to base of pectoral spine, with small papillae at base and narrow basal membrane; lateral mandibular barbel extending to point just past anterior margin of pectoral girdle, with 3-6 short, weakly tuberculate branches, usually lacking secondary branches; medial mandibular barbel approximately 1/3 to 1/2 length of lateral barbel, with 3-5 pairs of tuberculate branches, many secondary branches present (Ref. 59365). Dorsal fin spine short, striated, slightly curved, terminating in short, dusky filament; anterior margin of fin spine granulous, posterior margin with small serrations distally (Ref. 59365). Pectoral fin spine roughly equal in length to dorsal fin spine, striated, slightly curved, terminating in short, dusky filament; anterior spine margin granulous, posterior margin with large, retrorse serrations along entire length (Ref. 59365). Adipose fin long, well developed, margin convex (Ref. 59365). Body with moderately sized spots, fin spines dark (Ref. 59365).
Probably inhabits fairly shallow, rocky coastal areas; no information exist on the reproduction or the natural diet of this species (Ref. 59365).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Wright, J.J. and L.M. Page, 2006. Taxonomic revision of Lake Tanganyikan Synodontis (Siluriformes: Mochokidae). Bull. Florida Mus. Nat Hist. 46(4):99-154. (Ref. 59365)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00615 - 0.03096), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .