Synapturichthys kleinii  (Risso, 1827)

Klein's sole
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Synapturichthys kleinii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Synapturichthys kleinii (Klein
Synapturichthys kleinii
Picture by Furlan, B.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Soleidae (Soles)
Etymology: Synapturichthys: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, aptein = to join + Greek, oura = tail + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 20 - 460 m (Ref. 5304).   Subtropical; 44°N - 32°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 29.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3200); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 75-92; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 63 - 72; Vertebrae: 46 - 47. Brownish with irregular white or dark lines, spots and ocelli; fins blackish (Ref. 3200).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: Mediterranean south to Durban, South Africa.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms; mainly in shallow water (Ref. 3200).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Desoutter, M., 1990. Soleidae. p. 1037-1049. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01320 (0.00826 - 0.02111), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.