Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae
(Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335); thermophilus: From the Greek thermos meaning heat and philos meaning lover. In reference to the preferred habitat of this species at active hydrothermal vent areas.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 239 - 733 m (Ref. 78522). Tropical; 19°C - 22°C (Ref. 78522); 27°N - 36°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78522); 10.2 cm SL (female)
Pacific: an endemic species in the western Pacific Ocean collected at several active hydrothermal vent sites with a disjunct distribution over a wide geographic range from Kaikata Seamount (26°42.30'N, 141°04.70'E; near Bonin Island, off southeastern Japan) to the Rumble 3 Submarine Volcano (35°44'S, 178°72-79'W) on the Kermadec Ridge, northern New Zealand (Ref. 78522).
Occurs on a variety of substrata only within active hydrothermal vent sites (Ref. 78522).
Munroe, T.A. and J. Hashimoto, 2008. A new Western Pacific Tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae): The first Pleuronectiform discovered at active Hydrothermal Vents. Zootaxa 1839:43-59.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-2.00000 (nan - nan), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .