Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Stenotomus: Greek, stenos = narrow + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 15 - ? m (Ref. 4926). Subtropical; 46°N - 25°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9988); max. published weight: 2.1 kg (Ref. 40637)
Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia in Canada to Florida in USA; rare south of North Carolina, USA.
Occurs usually in schools inshore in summer and offshore in winter. Feeds on amphipods, worms, sand dollars and young squid (Ref. 4926). Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Exported to Japan (Ref. 9988)
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.17-0.23; tmax=19).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .