Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Zrmanja and Krka drainages in Croatia. Introduced in Ricica polje with water diverted from Zrmanja for a hydroelectric power plant.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Can be diagnosed from its congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by the following characters: 44-49 scales on lateral line; scale pocket of each flank scale above lateral line with a conspicuous dark triangular spot, pigments usually absent along free margin; eye diameter 24-28% HL, slightly less than snout length; 5th infraorbital bone small or absent; dorsal fin usually with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 9½ branched rays; head shallow, conical; snout elongate, dorsal profile slightly rounded; lower jaw short, length less than depth of operculum; and mouth subterminal (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams with swift water and lakes in karstic areas. Restricted to the lower, almost still part of Zrmanja drainage (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00415 - 0.01744), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .