Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes
(Dories) > Zeidae
Etymology: Zeus: Derived from Greek Theos, Zeys = the supreme Greek god (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 35 - 200 m (Ref. 4253). Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4253)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique (Ref. 5213) around the Cape to St. Helena Bay, South Africa.
Found near the bottom or in midwater. Feeds on a variety of fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. An excellent foodfish. Sold fresh or frozen in markets.
Heemstra, P.C., 1984. Zeidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 5. FAO, Rome. [var. pag.].
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7656 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00786 - 0.04213), b=2.98 (2.77 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .