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Peckoltia otali  Fisch-Muller & Covain, 2012

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypostominae
Etymology: Peckoltia: Because of Gustavo Peckolt,member of the Natural History Commission of Rondon (Ref. 45335);  otali: The specific name 'otali' is a Wayana Amerindian name meaning secret, in reference to the coloration of the species, similar to its biotope, making it difficult to observe. Wayana Amerindians live on the sides of the Upper Maroni River basin where the new species was found. A noun in apposition.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90183)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal soft rays: 5. This species can be diagnosed from all other congeners by a unique color pattern of adults, and from Guianese species by its specific barcode sequence (JF747005). Color pattern consists of numerous blackish-brown spots of irregular size and shape, distributed on head and on entire body except naked ventral areas, resulting in a mottled aspect of dorsum, while spots are aligned to form transverse bands on fins, at least on caudal fin. Juvenile specimens present large transversal blackish bands, or dorsal saddles, on the body that are similar to those characteristic of several Peckoltia including the type species Peckoltia vittata. Brown spots on posterior part of the body are also present in Peckoltia oligospila, Peckoltia sabaji, Peckoltia capitulata and Peckoltia simulata, but in these species spots are rounded, comparatively larger and regularly spaced, and they usually do not form bands on fins. It is further distinguished from these species by having a deeper body (22.5-25.7% SL, mean 23.8, vs. less than 23.4 at occiput; 12.4-13.8% SL, mean 13.1, vs. less than 11.7 at caudal peduncle) and a wider body (33.8-37.1% SL, mean 35.2, vs. less than 32.7 at cleithrum). Differs from Peckoltia bachi that is also mottled, by having the eye high on the head (vs. low) and a much narrower interorbital (29.8-34.4% HL, mean 32.6, vs. 57.9-59.9, mean 58.8) (Ref. 90183).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: upper Maroni River basin in French Guiana and Suriname.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

In rapids, it occurs mostly in sunny and shallow clear water, swiftly flowing currents, with medium- sized rocks substrate (Ref. 90183).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Fisch-Muller, S., J.I. Montoya-Burgos, P.-Y. Le Bail and R. Covain, 2012. Diversity of the Ancistrini (Siluriformes: Locariidae) from the Guianas: the Panaque group, a molecular appraisal with description of new species. Cybium 36(1):163-193.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  0.0   ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .