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Leporinus apollo  Sidlauskas, Mol & Vari, 2011

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Anostomidae (Headstanders)
Etymology: Leporinus: Latin, lepus, leporis = rabbit (Ref. 45335);  apollo: Named after the god of the sun, music and healing in Greek and Roman mythology. The extremely slender form of the new species is reminiscent of the arrow that was Apollo’s favoured weapon and predominant symbol, and the yellow cast of the body and fins and the rounded shape of the lateral markings evoke the sun that was one of Apollo’s primary aspects..   More on author: Vari.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86822)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 38 - 39. Differs from all congeners except Leporinus cylindriformis, Leporinus niceforoi, Leporinus cf. niceforoi, Leporinus ortomaculatus, and a possibly undescribed species from the Amazon drainage (Leporinus sp.) by the combination of having an extremely dorsoventrally slender body (body depth immediately anterior to the dorsal-fin origin 18-23% in SL) and a pigmentation pattern including three or four large, black spots centred along the lateral-line-scale row. Can be separated from Leporinus niceforoi, Leporinus ortomaculatus, and Leporinus sp. by having six scales in a transverse series above the lateral line (in all but one examined specimen, which has five scales in that series) versus five scales in that series in all examined specimens of Leporinus niceforoi, Leporinus ortomaculatus, and Leporinus /i> sp.; Leporinus cf. niceforoi by body depth 18.3-22.9% in SL versus 23.3-27.3% and by the typical transverse scale count at the dorsal and pelvic fin origins of 6/5 (5/5 and 6/4 each occur once) versus a typical count of 5/4 (occasionally 5/5, once 6/4, never 6/5); Leporinus cylindriformis and Leporinus niceforoi by the presence of a small, dark spot on the body immediately ventral to the seventh, eighth, or ninth scale of the lateral line, versus the absence of such a spot in those two species; and further Leporinus cylindriformis by the possession of a dark spot centered immediately posterior to the opercle and slightly ventral to the lateralline-scale row (versus the lack of such a spot), the presence of a series of nine to 14 dark bars across the dorsal surface of the body that terminate ventrally in darker areas that form an irregular stripe situated dorsal and parallel to the lateral line scale row (versus the lack of well-developed transverse bars and absence of such dark areas), and by body width 9.7-14.0% in SL (versus 15.2%) (Ref. 86822).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Coppename, Corantijn, and Suriname rivers in Suriname.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Garavello, Júlio | Collaborators

Sidlauskas, B.L., J.H. Mol and R.P. Vari, 2011. Dealing with allometry in linear and geometric morphometrics: a taxonomic case study in the Leporinus cylindriformis group (Characiformes: Anostomidae) with description of a new species from Suriname. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 162(1):103-130.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00488 - 0.02965), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  0.0   ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .