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Astyanax vermilion  Zanata & Camelier, 2009

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Astyanax vermilion
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335);  vermilion: From the Latin word 'vermiculus' (small worm which yields a red dye), meaning an orangish red pigment, originally derived from the powdered mineral cinnabar. This is in allusion to the red coloration of posterior body portion of this species when alive.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81202)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal soft rays: 23 - 26; Vertebrae: 33. Diagnosed from all its congeners from northeastern Brazilian drainages by having distal portion of pelvic fins dark, a combination of sexually dimorphic characters, posteroventral portion of body and fins (except pectoral) reddish in life, and inconspicuous humeral and caudal spots. Can be further distinguished by having the following characters: highest body depth just anterior of dorsal-fin origin, scales on lateral line 32-34; five series of scales between dorsal origin and lateral line; three series of scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin origin; anal fin with 20-23 branched rays; dorsal usually ii,8,i; base of anterior anal-fin rays with 8-12 scales; one or two maxillary teeth; presence of no more than 5 cusps and dentary teeth abruptly decreasing in size posteriorly (Ref. 81202).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: rio Salgado and rio Almada in Brazil.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear water streams, running over rocky, pebbles and sand bottom at low altitudes ranging from 188 to 258 m, with slow to moderate water current and less than 1 m deep (Ref. 81202). Stomach contents of three specimens include filamentous algae, fragments of vascular plants and seeds, insects and other unidentified arthropods, and organic debris (Ref. 81202).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Zanata, A.M. and P. Camelier, 2009. Astyanax vermilion and Astyanax burgerai: a new characid fishes (Ostariophysi: Characiformes) from Northeastern Bahia, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(2):175-184.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00433 - 0.02654), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  0.0   ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .