Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Pungu: Local vernacular word from Cameroon for a fish endemic in lake Barombi Mbo; maclareni: Named in reference to P.I.R Maclaren, collector of the male holotype in 1948 (Ref. 53949).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal, usually 1 - 3 m (Ref. 52307). Tropical; 28°C - 30°C (Ref. 26185)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26185)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 29. Diagnosis: mouth terminal (Ref. 26185, 53940). Distinctive fleshy lips (Ref. 26185, 52307), from which protrude rows of outwardly directed jaw teeth (Ref. 26185, 53949). Inner jaw teeth usually with 3 subequal cusps, outer row notched in juveniles but with simple replacements in adults (Ref. 26185, 53940). 7-8 lower outer teeth, 12-23 upper outer teeth; blade and dentigerous area of lower pharyngeal bone subequal, with slender teeth, firm and unicuspid posteriorly; colour variable, often silver-yellow (pale or intense) with dusky mottling concentrated on head and, to a lesser extent, midline (Ref. 26185). No Tilapia-spot on dorsal fin (Ref. 26185, 52307, 53940, 53949). Metallic blue highlights on operculum, dorsal and caudal fins (Ref. 26185).
Africa: endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo, west Cameroon (Ref. 81260).
Usually found in smaller groups (Ref. 52307) in shallow waters of lake shore (<4 m deep)(Ref. 26185). Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates (mayfly, caddis and chironomid midge larvae) (Ref. 26185) and the endemic sponge Corvospongilla thysi (Ref. 53950, 58527, 81260), but diatoms and terrestrial macrophytes are also sometimes eaten in quantity (Ref. 26185). Mouthbrooder (Ref. 13614, 58527).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs green (Ref. 26185, 53940, 58527) and ovoid, large (4x3mm) and few in number (Ref. 26185, 53940). Female is mouthbrooding (Ref. 13614), but possibly variable biparental mouthbrooder (variably one of the parents or both incubate eggs)(Ref. 58527).
Teugels, G.G., 1991. Pungu. p. 420. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4998)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.00880 - 0.03939), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .