Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae
Etymology: Etropus: Greek, etron, -on = lower abdomen + Greek, pous = feet.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 31 - 31 m (Ref. 58018). Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39355)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Western Central Atlantic: north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, to about Palm Beach on east coast of Florida and in Gulf of Mexico from Fort Myers, Florida, to Mississippi; apparently rare or absent in southern Florida.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Leslie, A.J. Jr. and D.J. Stewart, 1986. Systematics and distributional ecology of Etropus (Pisces, Bothidae) on the Atlantic Coast of the United States with description of a new species. Copeia 1986(1):140-156. (Ref. 39355)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00362 - 0.01664), b=3.16 (2.98 - 3.34), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .