Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Bryconidae
() > Bryconinae
Etymology: Brycon: Greek, ebrykon, brykomai = to bite, to gnaw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hildebrand.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 21°C - 29°C (Ref. 36880)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38504); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 36880)
Body color silver; gray green dorsally; silvery white ventrally. A thin black bar behind the operculum; a rhomboidal black spot on its tail, the color continuing to the tip of the caudal rays (Ref. 36880).
Central America: Chiriquí del Tire and Chagres River basins, Pacific and Atlantic slopes of Panama; Quepos, Pacific slope of Costa Rica.
Inhabits streams and rivers of moderate to high current velocity in 10-640 meters elevation. Swims upstream in search of small tributaries in which to breed; lays eggs in excavated nest in the sandy bottom of creeks. Omnivorous, feeds on fruit, flowers, seeds, insects, annelids, crustaceans, and small fishes (Ref. 36880). Popular fish among sport anglers (Lopez-Pinto, pers. comm.). Maximum length reported to reach 40 cm TL (Ref. 36880).
Lima, F.C.T., 2003. Characidae - Bryconinae (Characins, tetras). p. 174-181. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .