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Citharinus latus  Müller & Troschel, 1844

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Citharinus latus
Picture by Laleye, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Citharinidae (Lutefishes)
Etymology: Citharinus: Latin, cithara = lire like instrument (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Müller, Troschel.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 84.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7095); max. published weight: 2.5 kg (Ref. 3799)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-23; Anal soft rays: 23 - 26. Diagnosis: body depth 1.6-1.9x and head length 3.3-4.3x SL; caudal peduncle 0.6-0.8x long than high; short snout, 0.9-1.5x eye diameter; eye diameter 3.9-6x head length; adipose-fin base 1.4-2x longer than distance separating it from rayed dorsal fin; pointed pectoral fins, shorter than head (0.6-0.85x head length) and as long as pelvic fins; cycloid scales; scale formula 17.5-18.5/59-71/18.5-19.5; 13.5-15.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 20-23 dorsal fin branched rays; 23-26 anal fin branched rays (Ref. 2938, 81281).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: known from Senegal, Casamance, Niger, Volta, Chad basin and certain coastal rivers in Guinéa-Bissau, Togo and Benin (Ref. 2938, 7095, 81281). Also in the Nile and Lake Mobutu Sese Seko (Lake Albert) (Ref. 2938, 7095).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in open water and vegetation beds of lakes and flowing water. Ingests mud containing benthic and sedimented algae (Ref. 28714).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gosse, J.-P., 1990. Citharinidae. p. 261-268. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome I. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 384 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5195   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00668 - 0.04524), b=3.02 (2.80 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.2   ±0.13 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.