Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); ruberrimus: From the Latin ruberrimus, meaning 'very red' (Ref. 27436).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 549 m (Ref. 27437). Subtropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 40.0, range 36 - ? cm
Max length : 104 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 17.8 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 118 years (Ref. 39247)
soft rays: 5 - 8. Head spines very strong to strong - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic and parietal spines present, coronal and nuchal spines usually present (Ref. 27437). Raspy ridges on older fish (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 6885). Orange red to orange yellow in color; eye bright yellow; fins may have black tips; adults usually with light to white stripe on lateral line; juveniles with 2 light stripes, one on lateral line and a shorter one below lateral line (Ref. 27437).
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to northern Baja California, Mexico.
Occur in rocky reefs and boulder fields (Ref. 27437), the young found in shallower regions (Ref. 27436). Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 28499). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Sold as fillets (Ref. 6885).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tm=12-15; tmax=118).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (73 of 100) .