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Chrosomus cumberlandensis  (Starnes & Starnes, 1978)

Blackside dace
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Chrosomus cumberlandensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998);  cumberlandensis: cumberlandensis, of the Cumberland (referring to the Cumberland River drainage) (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate; 38°N - 36°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Chrosomus cumberlandensis can be distinguished by having the following characters: two dusky stripes along side converge on caudal peduncle, coalesce into wide black stripe on large male; back and upper side with many black specks; 66-81 scales on lateral line; pharyngeal teeth 0,5-5,0; olive to green-gold above, silver white to red below; large male bright red below, behind opercle, and at base of dorsal fin; bright silver pectoral and pelvic fin bases, yellow fins; body moderately compressed; pointed snout and slightly subterminal mouth (Ref. 86798).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | SELECT scientificname FROM scientificname WHERE scientificname = Chrosomus cumberlandensis LIMIT 1Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: upper Cumberland River drainage (Big South Fork and above) in Kentucky and Tennessee, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky pools of headwaters and creeks. Usually found along undercut banks, near large rocks or among detritus (Ref. 86798). Feeds on attached algal growth and aquatic insect immatures (Ref. 10294).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Strange, R.M. and R.L. Mayden, 2009. Phylogenetic relationships and a revised taxonomy for North American cyprinids currently assigned to Phoxinus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Copeia 2009(3):494-501. (Ref. 82741)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00287 - 0.01207), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .